President of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro
70 years ago at the Inter-American Conference in Bogotá, at the initiative of the United States, the Organization of American States (OAS) was established. It includes most of the countries of the Americas – only 34 states with the exception of Cuba, which was excluded from the organization in 1962 after the transition to socialism.
The day before it became known about the possible withdrawal from OAS of another member country – on April 29, the Organization of American States received a corresponding notification from Venezuela.
A few days ago, President Nicolas Maduro announced the decision of Caracas to leave the OAS in a telegram sent to the organization. “Quite an interventionist arbitrariness and violation of the rule of law! Venezuela is the cradle of liberators. We will make us respect, “wrote Maduro.
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Venezuelan Foreign Minister Delsi Rodriguez, in turn, announced that the country’s government does not intend to pay money for leaving the organization, although this item is prescribed in the charter. She also clarified that the procedure for Venezuela’s withdrawal from the OAS would take two years.
Caracas’s decision to leave the OAS was made against a backdrop of massive protests in Venezuela – citizens are opposed to the policies of President Maduro and demand his resignation.
The first many thousands of anti-government actions began in Venezuela in early April last year. During their time, hundreds of people were injured and arrested.
Venezuela’s policy is condemned by the United States and the Organization of American States. The head of the White House, Donald Trump, commenting on the situation in Venezuela, said that people suffer and die and there are many options for solving the problem in Venezuela. “Including a possible military option, if it is [necessary],” the American leader added.
According to Emil Dabaghyan, a leading researcher at the Institute of Latin American Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences, America has no right to intervene by force in the affairs of states. “Therefore, Trump’s intention to solve the issue with Venezuela with one stroke is unacceptable,” the expert said.
In turn, the leading specialist in Latin America of the Cato Institute in Washington, Juan Carlos Hidalgo, believes that the OAS is becoming increasingly inappropriate. “The Organization of American States is a reflection of the activities of its member states. It does not have its own identity, “the expert explains.
According to him, in the late 2000s and early this decade, the OAS and its Secretary-General, José Miguel Insulza, were determined left-wing assistants who dominated the region, even when some of their governments began dismantling their country’s democratic institutions such as Venezuela, Nicaragua and Bolivia. The situation began to change several years ago with the arrival of centrist governments in Argentina, Brazil and Peru, and with the election of Luis Almagro as Secretary General, who was very critical of the “chavista” regime in Venezuela, the expert continues.
“But even now, it is impossible to find a consensus in the OAS General Assembly on the destruction of democracy and the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela. That’s why other special groups were created, such as the Lima Group, “concludes the Cato expert in Washington.
The third article of the OAS statute states that “every state has the right to choose its political, economic and social system without outside interference and the right to adopt such a device that would correspond to it to the greatest extent.” However, in practice this did not always happen. During the existence of the OAS, its member countries – most often the United States – have often allowed themselves to interfere in the internal politics of other members of the organization and even to intervene against them.
For the first time, OAS member countries allowed themselves to intervene in the policies of another country in 1962, when they excluded Cuba from among the OAS members. After Fidel Castro’s 1959 revolution, Cuba was proclaimed a socialist republic.
Immediately after the Cuban revolution, the US considered the possibility of overthrowing the new government. There were many plans to destabilize the situation in Cuba, as a result, the US authorities decided to land the landing near the Bay of Pigs. The military operation was unsuccessful. The world community condemned the United States, around the world the demonstrators staged pickets and tried to storm the US diplomatic missions. The UN also called these acts an act of aggression.
However, the pressure on Cuba did not stop there. At first it was economic, and after, in 1962, the OAS suspended Cuba’s membership in the organization, arguing that the socialist path of development that the country had chosen was “dangerous” for America. In 1964, the organization also obliged all participating countries to cease diplomatic relations with Cuba.
In 2009, the OAS restored the membership of Cuba, but the Cubans refused to return.
Relations between the United States and Panama intensified in the mid-1980s after Panama refused to review the terms of the transfer of control over the Panama Canal. The agreement was signed in 1977 by the head of Panama, Omar Torrijos and US President Jimmy Carter, according to his conditions, by the end of 1999, Washington had to transfer control over the Panama Canal.
In 1987, the authorities of the Central American country refused to grant the United States its territory for conducting activities against Nicaragua. In addition, the Panamanian government began accusing the United States of interference in the internal affairs of its state. The answer was immediate – Washington stopped providing military and economic assistance to Panamanian colleagues, and in 1989 the US imposed economic sanctions on Panama, hoping to press on the government and achieve its overthrow.
The culmination of these disagreements was the US armed intervention in Panama in 1989, the operation was called “Just Cause”.
The international community condemned the US invasion, and the US explained its actions, citing the fact that the operation was conducted with the goal of “ensuring the safety of US citizens.”
The States permitted such an operation on the islands of Grenada. While the official wording also contained words about the “need to protect” Americans, the US landed in Grenada at the request and with the support of OAS countries.
As a result of the military coup in Grenada in 1979, the leftist movement “New Jewel Movement “led by Maurice Bishop, who headed for cooperation with socialist countries, such as the USSR and Cuba. The United States and many OAS countries were concerned that another country refused to go on a democratic path. As a result, the US announced a boycott of Grenada and began to conduct military exercises near the islands.
As a result of the internal split in the movement “New Jewel Movement “in Grenada was a coup, and Maurice Bishop was shot. Anarchy triumphed. According to the official version, for the introduction of peacekeeping forces, the United States invaded the islands.
The international community is at variance with the estimates of this military operation. However, upon its completion, the United States paid Grenada compensation for damage caused by the US Army.
The war for the Falkland Islands began between May 2, 1982. Although the islands were discovered by the British in 1690 and by the French – in 1694, Argentina from the beginning of the nineteenth century considered these islands their own.
The confrontation between Great Britain and Argentina in the struggle for the Falkland Islands was a long one, until the war. In 1981, Leopoldo Galtieri came to power in Argentina, who wanted to strengthen his popularity through the conquest of the islands.
In March 1982, several dozen Argentine workers landed on the island of South Georgia near the Falkland Islands under the pretext of parsing the old whaling station.
English soldiers tried to drive away the Argentines, but soon the Argentine troops approached the workers, and then the landing. The fighting began on May 1, 1982. The Government of Great Britain viewed the 1982 campaign as a defense against the Argentine invasion of the islands, which are a colony of Great Britain.
During the ten-week war for the islands, the United States provided the British with its military base on Ascension Island, which London used for British aviation. As a result of the military clash, Great Britain won.
The decision to provide the US military base clearly marked its position. At the same time, the US should, on the contrary, help Argentina, because according to the charter, “aggression against one of the American states is aggression against all the others.”